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National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START)

The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism—better known as START—is a university-based research and education center comprised of an international network of scholars committed to the scientific study of the causes and human consequences of terrorism in the United States and around the world. START supports the research efforts of leading social scientists at more than 50 academic and research institutions. START was established in 2005 as a U.S. Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence, tasked with utilizing state-of-the-art theories, methods, and data from the social and behavioral sciences to improve the understanding of the origins, dynamics, and social and psychological impacts of terrorism. START was funded by an initial $12 million grant from DHS to complete projects in the research areas of terrorist group formation and recruitment, terrorist group persistence and dynamics, and societal responses to terrorist threats and attacks.

All datasets:  G
  • G
    • July 2017
      Source: National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START)
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 06 July, 2017
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      The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) is an open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world from 1970 through 2016. The GTD includes systematic data on domestic as well as transnational and international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period. For each GTD incident, information is available on the date and location of the incident, the weapons used and nature of the target, the number of casualties.Statistical information contained in the Global Terrorism Database is based on reports from a variety of open media sources. Information is not added to the GTD unless and until the sources are determined as credible.The GTD defines a terrorist attack as the threatened or actual use of illegal force and violence by a non‐state actor to attain a political, economic, religious, or social goal through fear, coercion, or intimidation.Variables description:Year/month/day - this field contains the year/month/day in which the incident occurred. In the case of incident(s) occurring over an extended period, the field will record the year when the incident was initiated.Country - this field identifies the country or location where the incident occurred.Region - this field identifies the region in which the incident occurred.Province / Administrative Region / State - this variable records the name (at the time of event) of the 1st order subnational administrative region in which the event occurs. City - this field contains the name of the city, village, or town in which the incident occurred. Attack Type - this field captures the general method of attack and often reflects the broad class of tactics used. It includes the following categories:1) Assassination - an act whose primary objective is to kill one or more specific, prominent individuals.2) Armed assault - an attack whose primary objective is to cause physical harm or death directly to human beings by use of a firearm, incendiary, or sharp instrument.3) Bombimg/Explosion - an attack where the primary effects are caused by an energetically unstable material undergoing rapid decomposition and releasing a pressure wave that causes physical damage to the surrounding environment.4) Hijacking - an act whose primary objective is to take control of a vehicle such as an aircraft, boat, bus, etc. for the purpose of diverting it to an unprogrammed destination, force the release of prisoners, or some other political objective.5) Hostage taking (barricade incident) - an act whose primary objective is to take control of hostages for the purpose of achieving a political objective through concessions or through disruption of normal operations.6) Hostage taking (kidnapping) - an act whose primary objective is to take control of hostages for the purpose of achieving a political objective through concessions or through disruption of normal operations.7) Facility / infrastructure attack - an act, excluding the use of an explosive, whose primary objective is to cause damage to a non‐human target, such as a building, monument, train, pipeline, etc.8) Unarmed assault - an attack whose primary objective is to cause physical harm or death directly to human beings by any means other than explosive, firearm, incendiary, or sharp instrument.9) Unknown - the attack type cannot be determined from the available information.Weapon Type - this field records the general type of weapon used in the incident. It consists of the following 13 categories:1) Biological - a weapon whose components are produced from pathogenic microorganisms or toxic substances of biological origins.2) Chemical - a weapon produced from toxic chemicals that is contained in a delivery system and dispersed as a liquid, vapor, or aerosol.3) Radiological - a weapon whose components are produced from radioactive materials that emit ionizing radiation and can take many forms.4) Nuclear - a weapon which draws its explosive force from fission, fusion, or a combination of these methods.5) Firearms - a weapon which is capable of firing a projectile using an explosive charge as a propellant.6) Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite - a weapon composed of energetically unstable material undergoing rapid decomposition and releasing a pressure wave that causes physical damage to the surrounding environment.7) Fake Weapons - a weapon that was claimed by the perpetrator at the time of the incident to be real but was discovered after‐the‐fact to be non‐existent or incapable of producing the desired effects.8) Incendiary - a weapon that is capable of catching fire, causing fire, or burning readily and produces intensely hot fire when exploded.9) Melee - a weapon—targeting people rather than property—that does not involve a projectile in which the user and target are in contact with it simultaneously.10) Vehicle - an automobile that is used in an incident that does not incorporate the use of explosives such as a car bomb or truck bomb.  11) Sabotage Equipment - a weapon that is used in the demolition or destruction of property (e.g., removing bolts from a train tracks).12) Other - a weapon that has been identified but does not fit into one of the above categories.13) Unknown - the weapon type cannot be determined from the available information.Target Type - the field captures the general type of target/victim.Nationality of Target - this is the nationality of the target that was attacked, and is not necessarily the same as the country in which the incident occurred, although in most cases it is. For hijacking incidents, the nationality of the plane is recorded and not that of the passengers.Total Number of Fatalities - this field stores the number of total confirmed fatalities for the incident. The number includes all victims and attackers who died as a direct result of the incident.Number of US Fatalities - this field records the number of U.S. citizens who died as a result of the incident, and follows the conventions of “Total Number of Fatalities” described above. Thus, this field records the number of U.S. victims and U.S. perpetrators who died as a result of the attack. The value for this field is not limited to U.S. citizens killed on U.S. soil, but also includes U.S. citizens who died in incidents occurring outside of the U.S.Number of Perpetrator Fatalities - limited to only perpetrator fatalities, this field follows the conventions of the “Total Number of Fatalities” field described above.Total Number of Injured - This field records the number of confirmed non‐fatal injuries to both perpetrators and victims. It follows the conventions of the “Total Number of Fatalities” field described above.Number of U.S. Injured - This field records the number of confirmed non‐fatal injuries to U.S. citizens, both perpetrators and victims. It follows the conventions of the “Number of U.S. Fatalities” field described above.Number of Perpetrators Injured - conventions follow the “Number of Perpetrator Fatalities” field described above.   Note:1Few month and date in source are given as 0. Hence changed date to beginning of the respective given year or month.2Dimension Nationality of Target/Victim. Blanks are replaced with Unknown